Editor's note: CNC machine tools are the mainstream products of the machine tool industry. The economic development of the 11th Five-Year Plan focuses on realizing the transformation of economic growth mode. Advanced manufacturing is the transformation direction of traditional manufacturing industries, and technological transformation of traditional industries such as automobiles, machinery, home appliances, textiles, agricultural machinery, and environmental protection industries. The demand for CNC machine tools continues to climb; the development of high-tech industries such as electronic information, bioengineering, new energy and new materials has opened up new demands for precision, high-efficiency and special-purpose CNC machine tools; from the analysis of regional development, the upgrading of eastern China's industry, Northeast Revitalize the old industrial base and accelerate the development of the central and western regions to provide a domestic market for the development of CNC machine tool industry; economic globalization, transfer of international capital and industry to China, exchange of international technology and talents, strong development of China's international trade, etc. It provides an external environment for the development of China's CNC machine tool industry, which makes us in a rare strategic development period.

Eleventh five-year CNC machine tools have achieved great results
Since entering the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan", the state has successively promulgated "Several Opinions on Accelerating the Revitalization of Equipment Manufacturing Industry" and "National Medium- and Long-Term Science and Technology Development Plan"; in 2009, in response to the impact of the international financial crisis, the State Council issued another " National Equipment Manufacturing Revitalization Plan. Under the national policy of revitalizing the equipment manufacturing industry, the state has issued a series of policies to vigorously support the industry. Industrial policies, import and export policies, and taxation policies have greatly promoted the sustained and rapid development of the machine tool industry in recent years. The benefits that the policy brings to the company have greatly increased the profitability of the company. The strong support of the policy has given the industry a special advantage, which has guaranteed the rapid development of the industry and a high margin of safety to a certain extent.

CNC machine tools belong to the metal cutting machine tool manufacturing industry. There are many methods for processing mechanical parts in modern machinery manufacturing: in addition to cutting, there are casting, forging, welding, stamping, extrusion, etc., but all parts with high precision requirements and fine surface roughness requirements are generally required. The final machining is carried out by cutting on the machine. A metal cutting machine is a machine that cuts metal blanks into machine parts by cutting. According to the data of China National Machinery Association, in 2010, the growth of CNC metal cutting machine tools was outstanding, and the output increased by 66.71% year-on-year. The growth rate increased by 67.17 percentage points over the previous year. In the past 10 years, the average annual compound growth rate of China's CNC metal cutting machine tools is only 31.93%. The growth data for 2010 means that the development of CNC metal cutting machine tools has entered a new stage.

In the past five years, the average annual compound growth rate of China's CNC machine tool production was 37.39%. The average annual compound growth in the past 10 years was 29.94%, and the compound growth in the past 15 years was 22.10%. Driven by the national revitalization of equipment manufacturing industry and international industrial transfer, China's equipment tool purchase investment growth rate will continue to maintain about 20% in the next 5 to 10 years, and the demand of the machine tool industry will continue to maintain rapid growth. Luo Baihui, head of the International Association of Mould & Hardware Plastics Industry Suppliers, said that under the demand, the output of CNC machine tools in China has maintained rapid growth. With the deepening of economic restructuring, the high growth of listed companies in CNC machine tools and CNC systems is expected. continue. In 2010, the consumption of CNC machine tools exceeded US$6 billion, and the number of units exceeded 100,000 units, indicating that CNC machine tools have become the mainstream of machine tool consumption. China's CNC machine tools market is huge in the future.

At present, Shenyang Machine Tool and Qinchuan Development are leading enterprises in the field of metal cutting machine tools in China. The prosperity of the cutting machine tool market will directly improve their business performance. At the end of last year, Shenyang Machine Tool has announced a performance increase of more than five times.

The CIS data also shows that the rapid growth of CNC machine tools in 2010 has brought huge demand for CNC systems. The annual numerical control system equipment has more than doubled. Listed companies in the CNC system equipment industry include East China CNC, Kunming Machine Tool, Fain CNC, and Nantong Technology.

(1) The steel industry plans to continue the "duo" and merge and reorganize the first-hand energy-saving emission reduction
Recently, the market has reported that the first draft of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” for the steel industry has been basically completed. The next step is to solicit opinions from enterprises and relevant departments, and it is expected to be officially released soon.

According to an authoritative source, the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” of the steel industry will still focus on two main lines: encouraging mergers and acquisitions and optimizing industrial layout, and eliminating backward production capacity and energy conservation and emission reduction.

Among them, in the case of joint restructuring, a number of large-scale steel enterprises with a capacity of 50 million to 60 million tons will be formed during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, and the production capacity of the top 10 domestic steel enterprises will account for more than 60% of the national production capacity; The requirements for eliminating backward production capacity and energy conservation and emission reduction have become more stringent and standards have improved.

Key layout, two major structural adjustments, many steel companies have already occupied the place in advance
For the content of the first draft of the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” of the current steel industry, “actually it is two major structural adjustments.” On January 28, Lange Steel analyst Zhang Lin told this reporter that “the first is organizational restructuring. - Merger and reorganization, and then the adjustment of the layout structure - the steel industry moved to the coastal areas along the river."

According to the authoritative sources mentioned above, in the case of joint restructuring, large-scale steel enterprises with a scale of 50 million to 60 million tons and large steel enterprises with a grade of 10 million to 30 million tons will be formed during the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period. Key enterprises include Baosteel, Anshan Iron and Steel, Wuhan Iron and Steel, Hebei Iron and Steel Group, Shagang, Shandong Iron and Steel Group, Shougang and Bohai Iron and Steel Group.

In terms of industrial layout, according to the source, the steel industry will be promoted to the coastal areas along the Yangtze River, and the proportion of coastal Yanjiang iron and steel enterprises' production capacity to the national production capacity will reach 40% or more. During the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” period, on the one hand, it is necessary to speed up the construction of large-scale steel projects in Zhanjiang, Fangchenggang, Caofeidian and Shandong coastal areas, and on the other hand, to complete the preparatory work for the steel projects along the coast of Fujian and Jiangsu.

In fact, although the “Twelfth Five-Year Plan” of the steel industry has not yet been officially released, many steel companies have begun to “occupy” in advance. So before the Hebei Iron and Steel Group merged and reorganized the private steel enterprises in the province, Shandong Iron and Steel Group re-launched, Angang Group intends to promote the overall listing of Hualing Group through the acquisition of Sangang Group's “enclosure” Fujian and the recent relocation of Hualing Steel. Shanxi Securities also pointed out in the 2011 steel industry investment strategy that the reorganization and integration of the steel industry began to accelerate in 2010. Baosteel Group, Da Angang Group, Hebei Iron and Steel Group, Shandong Iron and Steel Group, Shagang Group and other large enterprise groups began to take shape. . It can be expected that the restructuring and integration of the steel industry will continue to be the whole process of industry development throughout 2011, and will present many bright spots.

The “Eleventh Five-Year” emission reduction task will be more stringent
As for the other main line of the 12th Five-Year Plan, the elimination of backward production capacity and energy conservation and emission reduction will now further tighten the requirements and standards during the 11th Five-Year Plan period.

On January 27th, Zhu Hongren, chief engineer of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, revealed at the press conference on the same day that the decline in the energy consumption of industrial enterprises above designated size in 2010 is expected to exceed 6%, completing the “Eleventh Five-Year” target. Among them, the elimination of backward production capacity in 18 industries including steel, cement and coke was fully completed.

Zhu Hongren also said that as the first year of the "Twelfth Five-Year Plan", the task of energy conservation and emission reduction in 2011 will be even more arduous. Compared with the "Eleventh Five-Year Plan", the goal of energy conservation and emission reduction will be to increase carbon dioxide and ammonia nitrogen. Binding control indicators such as nitrogen oxides, which are proposed to put forward higher requirements for industrial operation.

In recent years, China's manufacturing industry has achieved sustained and rapid development. Countries all over the world are importing a large number of Chinese products, and China's exports, mechanical and electrical products have occupied a majority. In the current economic cold wave and crisis, although the machinery industry has been greatly affected, the total size and total output are second only to the United States, surpassing Japan, ranking second in the world, and exporting has surpassed Germany to reach the world's first place. China in 2009 Car production has surpassed the United States and ranks first in the world. China has become a world-famous manufacturing power. Recently, due to the appreciation of the renminbi and the rapid increase of domestic labor costs, coupled with the economic cold wave and crisis, it has seriously affected the export of middle and low-end products, and forced us to improve the technical level of the machinery industry as soon as possible, change the crisis into an opportunity, and strive for the manufacturing power. .

Global Manufacturing White Paper: China is advancing toward manufacturing powers
China ranked third in the “Top 10 Manufacturing Powers in the World” published in the 2010 Global Manufacturing White Paper. In this year's "Top 500 Machinery Manufacturers", the United States ranked first with 126 companies, Japan ranked second with 124 homes, and China's selected enterprises ranked third with 77 homes. However, among the top 10 of the world's top 500 mechanical companies this year, none of China was selected; among the world's top 100 machinery companies, China was only selected for nine.

Since 2000, the development of China's machinery manufacturing industry has been extremely rapid. The production of automobiles, machine tools, shipbuilding and power generation equipment has not only increased rapidly, but also the product level has been continuously improved. According to Luo Baihui, head of the International Association of Mould & Hardware Plastics Industry Suppliers, the market share of domestic machine tool output was 56.3% in 2007 and 61% in 2008. In 2009, it continued to increase to 70.1%. In 2007, the output of CNC machine tools in China was 123,257 units, an increase of 32.6% over 2006. In 2008, China's CNC machine tools were affected by the global economic crisis, with a production of 122,211 units, which was basically the same as in 2007. From January to December 2008, the output of CNC machine tools in China was affected by the economic crisis. After July, the output declined, and it has slightly rebounded in December. In 2008, China's machine tool industry machine tool consumption of 19.44 billion US dollars, ranking first in the world; production of machine tools 13.96 billion US dollars, ranking third in the world; export machine tools 2.11 billion US dollars, ranking sixth in the world; imported machine tools 7.59 billion US dollars, ranking first in the world, The import and export of machine tools exceeded US$ 5.48 billion. In 2009, the output of CNC machine tools in China increased significantly, reaching 143,904 units. The market share of domestic CNC machine tools reached 62%. China's production machine tools ranked first in the world, imported machine tools were 5.9 billion US dollars, and machine tools exported were 1.41 billion US dollars. With an average of 4.49 billion US dollars, imported and consumer machine tools ranked first in the world for 8 consecutive years.

From the perspective of the overall environment, since the second half of 2008, the machinery manufacturing industry in various countries has been affected by the financial crisis to varying degrees, and the losses suffered by several major automobile and machine tool producing countries are particularly serious. The automobile production of all countries in the world has fallen sharply. However, China's automobile production and sales have not only declined, but have continued to rise sharply. In 2009, China's automobile production exceeded the United States and ranked first in the world.

In the first half of 2009, the statistics of machine tool production in major countries were as follows: In the first quarter of 2009, orders for Japanese machine tools fell by 84.6%, while domestic demand and exports fell, affecting sales by 46.2%. US machine tool orders began to decline in November 2008, and new orders received in April 2009 were only $97.04 million, a 42% decrease from March 2009, a 78% decrease from April 2008, and orders from January to April 2009. The amount decreased by 71% year-on-year. Germany has revised its 2009 full-year order trend forecast from a previous 7% drop to a 10% to 20% drop. German machine tool orders fell by 70% year-on-year. Compared with the same period of 2008, Taiwanese exports in January-April 2009 decreased by 51.9%, imports fell by 84.6%, total exports decreased by 51.9% compared with the same period of last year, and exports decreased sharply.

Relatively speaking, China's machine tool industry is less damaged. According to incomplete statistics, the total industrial output value in January-May 2009 decreased by 5.0% year-on-year, sales revenue decreased by 6.2% year-on-year, and total profit decreased by 33.1%. These data show that in this financial crisis, China's machine tool industry has not been greatly hurt. According to statistics, from January to April 2009, the fixed assets investment of machine tools and tools was 23.2 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 48.8%. By May 2009, the machine tool industry was declared to be included in the national revitalization planning technical reform project. The investment is 7.21 billion yuan, which effectively improves the manufacturing level and capability of the machine tool industry. In the second half of 2009, the production situation of the machine tool industry was obviously improved. Since the base in the second half of 2008 was low, since July 2009, the monthly gross industrial output value of the machine tool industry has reached double-digit growth, the specific completion and the year-on-year increase. speed.

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